overburden removal coal mining

  • Mountaintop removal mining - Wikipedia

    Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), also known as mountaintop mining (MTM), is a form of surface mining at the summit or summit ridge of a mountain. Coal seams are extracted from a mountain by removing the land, or overburden, above the seams.This process is considered to be safer compared to underground mining because the coal seams are accessed from above instead of underground.

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  • Coal mining - Wikipedia

    Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is called a 'pit ...

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  • Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

    Nov 23, 2021 · Overburden and coal removal have one source, stream loss and burial, which in turn have one proximate stressor, decreasing stream habitat which leads to decreasing quality and quantity of aquatic communities as the response. Overburden handling has two sources, valley fill and backstacks.

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  • Open Pit Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Surface mining is used when the economics of removal of ‘overburden’ to access the coal deposit is viable. Generally, the coal must be fairly close to the surface, but as machines increase their capacity to move material, ‘fairly close’ is becoming deeper and deeper.

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  • Surface mining – strip, open pit, mountaintop removal ...

    Surface mining is a form of mining in which the soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed. It is the other way of underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left behind, and the required mineral deposits are removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining is basically employed when deposits of commercially viable minerals or rock are found closer to the surface ...

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  • Glossary of Mining Terms - Coal Education

    Overburden – Layers of soil and rock covering a coal seam. Overburden is removed prior to surface mining and replaced after the coal is taken from the seam. Overcast (undercast) - Enclosed airway which permits one air current to pass over (under) another without interruption. P. Panel - A coal mining block that generally comprises one ...

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  • Atlantis Mining (SA) (Pty) Ltd

    Atlantis Mining (SA) (Pty) Ltd was founded in 1997 by Jimmy and Mark Johnstone. During the early years Atlantis Mining (SA) (Pty) Ltd was primarily involved in the Hire of Equipment to the Mining Industry and in Opencast Mining and as it grew, progressed to larger scale OPENCAST MINING and to BULK EARTH MOVING. The Mining operations undertaken include topsoil removal, drilling and

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  • Home | Samindo

    As one of the primary activities in mining, Samindo Resources is supported with the right tools and methods to ensure that the Overburden Removal activity is done accordingly so that after the mining is completed the environment can be restored to a good state.

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  • 4 Coal Mining and Processing | Coal: Research and ...

    Although the United States has the vast coal resource described in the previous chapter, perhaps as much as 4 trillion tons, the key issue for policy makers is the amount of coal that is economically recoverable.This is not a fixed quantity, but depends on the geological resource, the market price, and the cost of mining. The particular characteristics of the coal mining industry create unique ...

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  • Strip Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    In strip mining, the overburden is mined and moved by the same equipment: draglines or continuous excavators. The movement of overburden in strip mining is called the casting process. The operating sequence for each pit includes drilling and blasting, followed by overburden casting, then coal removal.

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  • Chapter 2: The Environmental Effects of Strip Mining - The ...

    Contour mining makes cuts on the slope where the coal seam is located, to remove first the overburden and then the coal itself. Overburden from adjacent cuts is used to fill previous cuts. The operator continues making cuts until the ratio of overburden to coal becomes uneconomical.

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  • Coal mining and transportation - U.S. Energy Information ...

    Dec 10, 2020 · In surface mining, large machines remove the topsoil and layers of rock known as overburden to expose coal seams. Mountaintop removal is a form of surface mining where the tops of mountains are dynamited and removed to access coal seams. Once the coal is removed, the disturbed area may be covered with topsoil for planting grass and trees.

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  • Mamata does ‘Volte-face’ on Land Acquisition for Coal ...

    Nov 15, 2021 · Kolkata: On November 9, Mamata Banerjee announced a Rs 10,000 crore rehabilitation package for land-losers who will be affected by the proposed Deocha-Pachami coal mining project in Birbhum district, jettisoning her oft-repeated stand that land acquisition by the government symbolises forcible takeover. “There will be no forcible acquisition like it was done in Singur.

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  • strip mining | Britannica

    strip mining, removal of soil and rock (overburden) above a layer or seam (particularly coal), followed by the removal of the exposed mineral.. The common strip-mining techniques are classified as area mining or contour mining on the basis of the deposit geometry and type. The cycle of operations for both techniques consists of vegetation clearing, soil removal, drilling and blasting of ...

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  • Coal mining: What are the largest coal mines in the world?

    Jan 03, 2020 · It is an open-cut mine using dragline and truck/shovel fleets for overburden removal. It started production in 1972 and produced more than 11.8Mt of metallurgical coal in the year ending 30 June 2019. The coal output of the mine is sent by rail to the Hay Point Coal Terminal near Mackay, for shipping. 8. Mt Arthur, Australia – 591 million tonnes

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  • PA Mining History

    Retreat mining is a systematic removal of coal support pillars once a mining section has been developed using standard room-and-pillar mining. The retreat phase (also known as "second mining") typically results in immediate or quick collapse of overburden into the unsupported opening.

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  • Pickett Industries

    Pickett has provided services for companies and institutions such as International Paper, Georgia Pacific, Domtar Industries, Dolet Hills Lignite Company (AEP), Westmoreland Coal Company (Jewett Mine), Waste Management, Republic Services, Cleco, WestRock (Meadwestvaco), Sabine Mining Company, Ducks Unlimited and the Corps of Engineers.

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  • How Coal Works | Union of Concerned Scientists

    Dec 15, 2017 · Coal production using mountaintop removal mining decreases by 62% since 2008 [6] Energy Information Administration. November 2017. Annual Coal Report 2016. [7] Energy Information Administration. September 3, 2015. Output per miner-hour rises as smaller coal mines close [8] Kennedy, Bruce. Surface Mining. SME 1990, pg. 68

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  • Home - Turner Mining Group

    Sep 01, 2021 · Overburden Removal. Whether it be 50,000 cubic yards or 5 million cubic yards of overburden, Turner Mining Group has you covered. The last thing you need is a surprise when it comes to cost, which is why we move it for the price we quote, without change orders or hidden fees. Stay ahead of your mining activities by leaving stripping to us.

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  • 10 Different Types of Mining Operations and Mines –

    Jan 12, 2021 · There are five basic types of surface mining, including open-pit mining, strip mining, dredging, mountaintop removal, and high wall mining. All of these methods remove the waste material or the overburden, which is above the desired resource. Often, surface mining is preferred over underground mining, or subsurface mining, for numerous reasons.

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  • Company Profile – Delta Dunia

    BUMA carries out a comprehensive scope of work from overburden removal, coal mining, coal hauling as well as reclamation and land rehabilitation. BUMA’s operations is supported by close to 12,000 employees and a solid and experienced management team as well as equipped with advanced technologies and over 2,500 units of heavy equipment in ...

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  • 1.1 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT - ELAW

    Open-pit mining is a type of strip mining in which the ore deposit extends very deep in the ground, necessitating the removal of layer upon layer of overburden and ore. In many cases, logging of trees and clear-cutting or burning of vegetation above the ore deposit may precede removal of the overburden. The

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  • The Four Main Methods of Mining - OreFlow

    Dec 04, 2019 · Strip mining – Strip mining is the most common surface mining method used to mine coal and lignite. The process is done by removing a strip of overburden before mining a seam of mineral. Strip mining is done only when the ore body is in close proximity to the surface.

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  • Mining Done Right | KMC Mining

    Since 1949, KMC has been part of some of Canada’s most exciting mining and infrastructure development projects. We have provided solutions for a variety of resources across the Nation, including Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon and Northwest Territories.

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  • Extraction of Resources | Geology - Lumen Learning

    Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot ...

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  • Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

    Highwall mining is a coal mining method for recovery of outcropped coal by mechanical excavation without removal of overburden. A continuous miner with single or multiple augers/cutting heads is operated underground and controlled remotely by crew located outside. Augering can be regarded as a supplementary method for open cast mining in

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  • (PDF) Underground mining Methods - ResearchGate

    An older practice of coal mining that uses explosives such as dynamite to break up ... overburden material. 1) Bench and Fill (B ... Stoping is the removal of the or eb ody from the surrounding ...

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  • (PDF) Environmental and social impacts of mining and

    Sep 20, 2016 · Mining induced displacement has increased significantly as coal production has shifted from underground to opencast mining (Singh 2007). As per the Ministry of

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